A-bien has been in jail for 7 years, loving to shake hands with Ma.
Using a Doppler ultrasound device, a physician can detect fetal heartbeats by the twelfth week of pregnancy.（前情提要）
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Miiller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow. （補充資訊）
句尾的延伸結構做三種作用：1. 補充說明主句細節 2. 主句的伴隨結果 3. 主句的接續動作發生時間點一律是在主詞之後（伴隨結果/接續動作）或同時（補充說明）時間點絕不可能在主句之前，也不能放原因。
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
Five fledgling sea eagles left their nests in western Scotland this summer, bringing to 34 the number of wild birds successfully raised since transplants from Norway began in 1975.
Using a Doppler ultrasound device, a physician can detect fetal heartbeats by the twelfth week of pregnancy.
A physician can detect fetal heartbeats by the twelfth week of pregnancy, using a Doppler ultrasound device.
A physician can detect fetal heartbeats by the twelfth week of pregnancy “with” a Doppler ultrasound device.
A physician can detect fetal heartbeats by the twelfth week of pregnancy “because” he has a Doppler ultrasound device.
Fighting for his next presidency, Obama has urged the Republicans, arguing heavily against the health insurance bill, to support his budget-cutting act, triggering an overwhelming dispute over the State.
Triggering an overwhelming dispute over the State, Obama has urged the Republicans to support his act, fighting for his next presidency.
Causing an overwhelming dispute…, Obama has urged …to support his act because he want to fight for his next presidency.
The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month.
(B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month
(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
但是你沒發現，到底是proclaim a sacred truce先還是keep peace先？應該是先有sacred truce才能維護和平吧。B選項的寫法將時序倒反了，不是logical expression，因此直接是錯誤答案。D選項則很聰明地加上表達原因的for。