最不專業的GMAT教學分享平台

SC進階:「相對」正確的題目設計思維(二)

這一題在OG2017出現後,震驚了許多人,殺死了一堆參考書。也讓我眼睛差點掉下來。現在,來說明一下我對這題的理解。

 

As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

A) they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell

B) they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling

C) also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling

D) but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

E) but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding and selling

 
答案(反白後觀看):A
 
問題來了:正確答案明明就沒有not…only後面配but (also)的固定搭配啊?有這種搭配的D/E為什麼又錯了?
 

讓我們先從D/E為什麼錯開始講起:

當not only放在句首做倒裝時,這時他要平行的是「一整個句子」。所以平行會寫成not only +倒裝句, but also S+V.,而這個also可以放在S前面,也可以插在S+V中間。所以D/E並非平行(當然C就更不可能了)。

 
那麼,為什麼A選項沒有but也能對?這就是本題弔詭的地方了。
 
事實上,我認為A選項的not only不配but並非正確用法。換言之,這題五個選項都有文法錯誤。A/B沒有固定搭配(其實也可以被視為是兩句無連接)、C/D/E的後面沒有跟前面的成分(整個句子)平行。那麼這個考點就不用再考慮,因為你無法留下選項。

實戰時遇到這種狀況,就忽略這個考點,去找後面其他的考點。因為你卡在這邊再久,也無法留下部分選項。於是忽略這個判題點後,一下子變得海闊天空起來:

As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

A) they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell

B) they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling

C) also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling

D) but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

E) but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding and selling

B: and selling無平行對象
C:邏輯主詞會抓到最接近的動作including的動作發出者information,句意不合理。(請參考
且, plifering作對前面主題的補充,跟not only….also表並列獨立主題的句意衝突。
D:to sell會有修飾歧義(錯誤跟最接近的plan形成”plan to”搭配,變成小偷偷到的計畫打開一看,計劃的內容是要把資料賣給對手。不合理。)
E:and selling會有平行歧義(跟最接近的bidding錯誤平行成”bidding and selling”,但不合理。)

所以這一題充分體現了SC中「相對正確」而非「絕對正確」的概念。選項是比出來的。儘管A選項文法錯誤,但是沒有其他選項在該點是贏他的。最後是因為剩下的考點裡句意跟寫法好壞相對其他選項較好,才會是折衷的正確答案。

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
About Dustin

最不專業的GMAT教學分享平台。
最討厭商學院卻考了GMAT。
GMAT考生打造的輔助學習網站。
(那個,拜託,不要叫我老師或顧問。)

– 一戰自修760 AWA 5.5
– A2GMAT團隊共同開發者&Verbal教學者(2012 -)
– 要速成請找補習班,要紮實可以進來逛逛。
2019-11-03T23:35:01+08:00