最不專業的GMAT教學分享平台

SC迷思:Due to能不能一概刪去?

昨天,because of 在Dustin的幫助下轉型正義成功,脫離冤獄。然而,他在牢房中的室友看到很不是滋味,緊接著漏夜打給我:

「你好,請問是Dustin嗎?」「是,請問你是哪位?」
「我姓杜,叫做杜吐。」「呃…Due to嗎?有何貴幹?」

「很多人看到我出現在句首就把我抓起來打進牢房,我覺得很委屈。我已經被抓入獄十幾次了,下次不想再被抓回來了。Dustin拜託告訴我,我到底能待在哪裡才不會被抓?」

現在,Dustin要用簡短的幾點來說明:Due to 適用的狀況。

  • Due是形容詞,如果放句首,在文法邏輯上只能修飾作為主詞的名詞(把該主詞當結果,Due to自己接原因)。但是主詞本身往往「不是」能夠表完整原因的動作或事件。因此不適合放句首。

Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as China’s giant pandas.
A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as
B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined, making them many times more rare than

比如上面這兩個選項,作為形容詞的Due to 所修飾的結果其實只有主詞「學者」或「there」。但是很明顯兩者並不能完整表達事件。

  • 放句中或句尾呢?可以。但是(事件或動作)。

Unlike the premiums for auto insurance, the premiums for personal property coverage are not affected by the frequency of claims, but if the insurance company is able to prove excessive loss due to owner negligence, it may decline to renew the policy.

excessive loss當結果,被due to修飾。

Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached a record high.

part of the proposed increase in state education spending當結果(重點是increase),被due to 修飾。

After analyzing data gathered by weather satellites, scientists report that the Earth’s northern latitudes have become about ten percent greener since 1980, due to more vigorous plant growth associated with warmer temperatures and higher levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

這裡是修飾作為名詞的整個that子句,用逗號隔開結構,避免產生在修飾1980的歧義。

「謝謝你,下次假釋以後我會注意,在路上不要跟錯人,跟在事件或動作的名詞之後才安全。」

「欸,但是要看語意啊!你不要亂拉別人當結果,還是要檢查一下因果關係!」

Due to先生,祝你更生之路一路順風。

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About Dustin

最不專業的GMAT教學分享平台。
最討厭商學院卻考了GMAT。
GMAT考生打造的輔助學習網站。
(那個,拜託,不要叫我老師或顧問。)

– 一戰自修760 AWA 5.5
– A2GMAT團隊共同開發者&Verbal教學者(2012 -)
– 要速成請找補習班,要紮實可以進來逛逛。
2019-11-04T09:50:00+08:00